Submission & Review Process
Submitted articles will be initially reviewed by an editor to verify its suitability for the journal and that it adheres to the The Bulletin of the International Forum for Flora and Fauna Photography submission guidelines.
Research and Review Papers should normally be no more than 3500 words including abstract, references and figures. The editors will consider an extended article if there is a clear rationale for its submission. However, the Editors retain discretion to publish extended papers.
Brief reports are no longer than 1500 words plus references in length. They could be a commentary, discussion, research paper or a previously presented conference poster extended to make it suitable for publication. Research protocols can also be submitted prior to the research having been undertaken. Short Abstracts and keywords are required. Brief reports should include a short abstract up to 150 words.
For articles containing original research, an abstract of up to 250 words should be included.
Review articles should use these headings: Purpose, Methods, Results/Findings, Discussion and/or Conclusions.
Position papers focus on subjects or fields of work which, in the author’s opinion, need readdressing. A clear position with possible actions, should be made on the subject. Position papers would normally be between 1000-2500 words in length. Abstracts and keywords are required.
Opinion Papers are original reports and personal views on a given topic or field of work (focusing on the author’s views). Claims and assertions should be supported with facts, statistics, or published research studies. Opinion papers would normally be between 1000-2500 words in length. Abstracts and keywords are required.
Invited papers & keynotes
Invited papers and conference keynotes will be reviewed by one or more journal editors. Abstracts and keywords are required.
Five or six keywords are required for all papers.
Book reviews should include the book title, author(s) or editor(s), publisher, date of publication, number of pages, cost. We recommend that the journal editor is initially contacted to ascertain if the book is suitable for review in this journal.
Conference, congress and symposium reports
Reports on conferences, congresses and symposia are important in order to keep researchers and practitioners up-to-date with events they were unable to attend. All submissions should include the event title, organising body, location, date and URL to the event website. (Full conference abstracts can only be included with written permission from the conference organisers.) It is important to receive agreement for an event submission from the editor to confirm if the event falls within the remit of this journal.
Use of English
Articles should use consistent spelling, grammar and language ie. American or British English.
In the reference section authors should the following APA citation style. It must be used consistently and authorship of cited works is adequately attributed, with all information necessary to locate cited material included. Take a look at the latest APA style (7th ed), Reference Guide.
SOURCE: American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000
Submission files and responsibilities
- Articles, reviews etc should be submitted as email attachments in MS Word, double spaced. (Postal submissions will not be accepted for consideration.)
- The files must be saved under an abbreviated title of your submission eg ResilienceInEcocoaching
- Author names should not be in the file title, nor in the file properties.
- The main document(s) should be free of information identifying the author(s).
- A separate file should be submitted detailing the author(s)’s name, current professional affiliation and website URL, contact details including postal and email address. One author should be identified as the corresponding author.
- Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission to publish lengthy quotations, figures, tables, graphs, photographs etc., for which they do not own copyright.
- Authors are responsible for paying any copyright fees that may be payable to a copyright holder for the inclusion of their work.
- Photographs should be of good quality.
- Please submit your ORCID identifier.
- Send your files by email to: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org In the email subject, include The Bulletin.
If the Editor believes that your article is more suitable for one of our other journals published by the National Wellbeing Service Ltd, then they will bring this to your attention. If you agree to a transfer your article will be transferred automatically on your behalf. An article reformat will be unnecessary in these cases.
Photographs, Figures, graphs & diagrams
All photographs, figures, graphs, tables or diagrams should be in an acceptable format for reproduction and must include titles. As a photograpthic journal, our expectation is that the article author(s) has taken the photographs and can assign the copyright to the journal unless they wish to purchase the Open Access option.
Footnotes, Endnotes & Epigraphs
NWS journals do not use footnotes. Either incorporate the content within the main text or use endnotes.
Epigraphs are often used at the beginning of a book, chapter or section. They are used far less often in academic papers. Often they require copyright permission for use as they are not considered the same as a normal citation in a journal paper. If an author wishes to include epigraphs in a NWS journal paper, then it is the author’s responsibility to obtain written permission and pay any copyright fees prior to submission.
New paper statement
A statement must be submitted confirming that the paper has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration in any other publication.
Publishing as an article or blog on a website still constitutes as previously published. The publisher will undertake checks on all submissions to verify if a paper has been previously published.
Plagiarism or self-plagiarism is not accepted.
If a manuscript constitutes primary publication of results from a study involving human or animal subjects, the research should have been approved by a relevant ethics committee. Photographic articles focusing on on flora and fauna, book reviews, discussion and debate papers do not generally need approval by an ethics board or committee unless research participants were involved.
It is essential to avoid plagarism which can relate to another person’s ideas and/or words. It is always important to acknowledge and accurately cite the author or source. The NWS does check articles for plagiarism. If you are based at a university, you will generally have access to a Plagiarism Checker. If not, then we recommend that authors use the free online Check Plagiarism tool.
For further information about avoiding plagarism, please look at the APA Style 7th Edition Avoiding Plagiarism Guide.
Authors must declare any competing interests or state that no competing interests exist.
Submissions by members of the editorial team
Papers submitted to the journal by a member(s) of the editorial team will have their papers reviewed and processed by an editor or editors not involved with the paper concerned.
Authors must declare what, if any, financial support they received for the research.
Authors are only allowed to add an acknowledgment to the manuscript after it has been accepted for publication in order to ensure the masked peer-review process. Acknowledgments are placed before the references.
The Bulletin has adopted a continuous online publication model. Therefore once a paper is accepted for publication, it will be uploaded to the website within 60 days, subject to typesetting checks, processing and staff holidays. In order to publish accepted articles promptly, National Wellbeing Service journals will use article numbers instead of the traditional method of continuous pagination through any particular volume. (Page numbers will still be used within each article.) Although The Bulletin is an e-journal, it may be published in a print format for professional bodies or subscribers on an annual basis if requested.
Funding from Tobacco Companies
NWS journals will not publish articles in which any of the authors’ salaries or research costs have been funded by a tobacco company.